You have seen it on the news…yet another state has legalized marijuana. It seems as if weed is everywhere, surely Texas has jumped on the bandwagon and legalized it too! Our firm receives calls from people all the time who all say the same thing; they thought marijuana was legal now. Not in Texas.
Current Marijuana Laws in Texas
Despite having been legalized in other states, possessing even a small amount of marijuana is a crime in Texas. The Texas Health and Safety Code says it is illegal for a person to knowingly or intentionally possess a usable quantity of marijuana. How much marijuana a person has in their possession will affect the level of severity of the offense.
- Up to 2 0z– Class B Misdemeanor, punishable by up to 180 days in jail and up to a $2,000 fine
- 2oz to 4oz– Class A misdemeanor, punishable by up to 1 year in jail and a $4,000 fine
- 4oz to 5lbs– State Jail Felony, punishable by 180 days to 2 years in jail and up to a $10,000 fine
- 5lbs to 50lbs– 3rd Degree Felony, punishable by 2 to 10 years in jail and up to a $10,000 fine
- 50lbs to 2000lbs– 2nd Degree Felony, punishable by 2 to 20 years in jail and up to a $10,000 fine
- More than 2000lbs– 1st Degree Felony, punishable by 2 to 99 years in jail and up to a $50,000 fine
Proposed Texas Laws Relating to Marijuana
Texas could be a state to watch in 2017 for Marijuana law reform. Texas Senator Jose Rodriguez has introduced Senate Joint Resolution 18, which would legalize cannabis for medicinal use, and Senate Joint Resolution 17, which would allow Texans to vote on legalization of marijuana in November 2018.
There are also three different proposed bills that would lessen punishment for possession of a small amount of marijuana under one ounce. Two propose a fine only, with a third taking the offense from a Class B to a Class C misdemeanor (also fine only).
Medical Marijuana in Texas
The Texas Compassionate Use Act was signed by Governor Greg Abbot in 2015. The Act allows for individuals with intractable epilepsy to have access to CBD oil, a low THC cannabis oil. The bill prohibits smoking marijuana. Critics of the law say it is unworkable, as it requires a doctor to “prescribe” marijuana rather than recommend it as they do in other states where medical marijuana is legal. Under current federal law, a doctor “prescribing” marijuana could be open to sanctions, while one recommending the use is not. Another issue is that the ratio of THC to CBD that is allowed under the law is not potent enough to help some patients. There is potential for changes to be made to the Act during this legislative session, with proponents of the Act looking to broaden the scope and make access easier for patients.
THC Oil in Texas (Wax, Dabs, Marijuana Concentrate)
Possessing THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) oil in Texas is considered a more serious crime than simply possessing marijuana. Over the last few years, vaping THC oil, which is a concentrated version of the mind-altering component of marijuana, has become popular. Under Texas law, THC oil or wax is considered a concentrate and possessing it is a felony criminal offense.
- Less than 1 Gram– State Jail Felony
- 1 Gram to 4 Grams– Third Degree Felony
- 4 to 400 Grams– Second Degree Felony
- 400 grams or more – First Degree Felony
The law considers THC oil and wax to be in a different penalty group that marijuana, due to the higher level of THC, and consequences are much harsher. So while a typical small amount of marijuana could be punishable as a misdemeanor, even a very small amount of THC oil can be punishable as a felony.
Edible THC in Texas
The use of THC oil in edibles can be very serious. When weighing the amount of a controlled substance, the Texas Health and Safety Code includes all adulterants and dilutants in the total weight. Popular THC laced edibles like gummy candy and brownies will be weighed in their entirety, and can result in very serious felony charges.
CBD Oil in Texas
Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is made from cannabis, but is non-psychoactive. Proponents claim it can have many health benefits. CBD oil that is made from industrial hemp is legal in Texas.
Synthetic Marijuana in Texas
K2, or Spice, is a synthetic form of marijuana that is created by spraying natural herbs with chemicals meant to mimic the effects of marijuana. Synthetic Marijuana is illegal in Texas, and carries the same punishment as marijuana.
Selective Prosecution for Marijuana Offenses in Texas
The District Attorney in Harris County (Houston) has decided not to prosecute low-level possession of marijuana cases. So far, that is the only county with such a policy. Other counties have diversion programs for first-time or low level offenders. You should check with a knowledgable attorney in your local area to learn more about the diversion programs available.
In Tarrant County, depending on the circumstances of the case, a marijuana offender may qualify for the Deferred Prosecution Program (DPP) or the First Offender Drug Program (FODP). Again, you should check with an attorney to determine whether you might be eligible to participate in either program.
Regardless of whether you disagree with what the law should be in regard to marijuana in Texas, it is currently illegal to use or possess. If you are arrested for possession of marijuana, you may qualify for a diversion program that will ultimately allow you to get your record fully expunged. Contact one of our attorneys today if you have pending marijuana charges in Tarrant County. We will be happy to discuss your options and defend your case.